Pick your subject.Matthew 22 Jesus( YAHushua) 37 And he said to him, “You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind. 38 This is the great and first commandment. 39 And a second is like it: You shall love your neighbor as yourself.


An energy saving bulb has gone - evacuate the room now!


Last updated at 01:27 06 January 2008

fluorescent bulbNew light: Energy-efficient bulbs use less energy - but critics say they can cause skin rashes, migraines and epilepsy

New light: Energy-efficient bulbs use less energy - but critics say they can cause skin rashes, migraines and epilepsy

Danger: The new eco-friendly bulbs contain toxic mercury (picture posed by model)

Energy-saving light bulbs are so dangerous that everyone must leave the room for at least 15 minutes if one falls to the floor and breaks, a Government department warned yesterday.


The startling alert came as health experts also warned that toxic mercury inside the bulbs can aggravate a range of problems including migraines and dizziness.

And a leading dermatologist said tens of thousands of people with skin complaints will find it hard to tolerate being near the bulbs as they cause conditions such as eczema to flare up.

The Department for Environment warned shards of glass from broken bulbs should not be vacuumed up but instead swept away by someone wearing rubber gloves to protect them from the bulb's mercury content.

In addition, it said care should be taken not to inhale any dust and the broken pieces should be put in a sealed plastic bag for disposal at a council dump ? not a normal household bin.

None of this advice, however, is printed on the packaging the new-style bulbs are sold in. There are also worries over how the bulbs will be disposed of.

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Symptoms of Mercury Poisoning
By the Environmental Protection Agency
  • Impairment of the peripheral vision
  • Disturbances in sensations ("pins and needles" feelings, numbness) usually in the hands feet and sometimes around the mouth
  • Lack of coordination of movements, such as writing
  • Impairment of speech, hearing, walking;
  • Muscle weakness
  • Skin rashes
  • Mood swing
  • Memory loss
  • Mental disturbance
Mercury Exposure

Health problems caused by mercury depend on how much has entered your body, how it entered your body, how long you have been exposed to it, and how your body responds to the mercury. People are at risk when they consume mercury-contaminated fish and when they are exposed to spilled mercury.

Elemental (metallic) mercury and its compounds are toxic and exposure to excessive levels can permanently damage or fatally injure the brain and kidneys. Elemental mercury can also be absorbed through the skin and cause allergic reactions. Ingestion of inorganic mercury compounds can cause severe renal and gastrointestinal toxicity. Organic compounds of mercury such as methylmercury are considered the most toxic forms of the element. Exposures to very small amounts of these compounds can result in devastating neurological damage and death.

For fetuses, infants and children, the primary health effects of mercury are on neurological development. Even low levels of mercury exposure such as result from mother's consumption methylmercury in dietary sources can adversely affect the brain and nervous system. Impacts on memory, attention, language and other skills have been found in children exposed to moderate levels in the womb.

Mercury Spills

All mercury spills, regardless of quantity, should be treated seriously. Metallic mercury slowly evaporates when exposed to the air. The air in a room can reach contamination levels just from the mercury in a broken thermometer. Mercury in school labs should be handled with care and stored safely and securely.

Mercury Pollution

Mercury pollution is released into the air from the burning of fossil fuels. It falls down directly onto waterways or is deposited on land where it can be washed into the water. Bacteria in the water cause chemical changes that transform mercury into a highly toxic form - methylmercury.

Methylmercury accumulates in fish, with larger fish generally accumulating higher levels of methylmercury. If you are pregnant or could become pregnant, are nursing a baby, or if you are feeding a young child, you should limit consumption of freshwater fish caught by family and friends to one meal per week. For adults one meal is six ounces of cooked fish or eight ounces uncooked fish; for a young child one meal is two ounces cooked fish or three ounces uncooked fish. Many states collect data on mercury levels in fish from local waters and issue fish consumption advisories.



These images present an example of the dangers of CFL bulbs to an extreme. Antiguans should take particular caution because most floors are hard surfaced and people are often barefoot in Antigua's hot climate. Read the accompanying information that came with these images (we chose not to show the most gruesome images).

What happened.

On February 10th, 2011 the energy saver globe fused at the home of the IP. He did not wait for the globe to cool down, standing on a chair with a piece of cloth and remove the energy saver globe. Due to the heat of the energy saver globe he dropped the globe. As the globe fell on the floor it “exploded”. As he descended from the chair, he stepped into the broken glass and exposed mercury powder.

The IP was admitted to hospital for treatment from the cuts. He spent two weeks in ICU and, at one stage, it was feared that his foot would need to be amputated. Currently his foot is connected to a vacuum pump to remove continuously dead tissue. Long road to recovery is awaiting him.



Energy-saving bulbs 'can cause migraines.

warn experts


Last updated at 12:52 04 January 2008

Warning: Energy saving light bulbs can trigger migraines, say experts

Energy saving light bulbs can trigger migraines, health experts and charities warned last night.

They have been inundated with complaints about the fluorescent bulbs, which are due to become compulsory in homes within four years.

Campaigners are calling for the Government to allow an opt-out for people with health problems so they can continue to use old-style bulbs.

The warning follows concerns that eco-bulbs can trigger dizziness, loss of focus and discomfort among people with epilepsy.

There have also been complaints from people with lupus - an auto-immune disease causing many symptoms including pain.

Low energy lightbulbs are miniature versions of the fluorescent strip lights common in offices and kitchens. The latest generation are the size of conventional incandescent bulbs with a filament, but use just a quarter of the energy.

Although they are often five times the cost of old-fashioned bulbs, they use around a quarter of the energy and can pay for themselves within months. Critics, however, say the technology is still not up to scratch. Many complain the light is cold or green, and they take up to a minute to warm up properly, and because they are fluorescent, they flicker.


The Migraine Action Association said there was growing concern about the links between the bulbs and severe headaches.

The charity's Paul Jansen said: "For some people a migraine attack can be triggered by fluorescent lights, video screens, stroboscopic effects and flashing lights.

"Most of the currently available low energy light bulbs are based on fluorescent light technology.

"We hope that the Government will allow regular light bulbs still to be available to those who need them.'

The Government has acknowledged low energy bulbs could pose a problem.

In a written parliamentary answer, Health Minister Ivan Lewis said: "It is known some people with epilepsy may be affected by energy saving light bulbs."

The Lighting Association denied that flicker was a problem with modern energy saving bulbs.

"Compact fluorescent lamps give a constant, flicker-free, nonstroboscopic light," said spokesman Jo Jackson.

She warned against poor quality, cheap lamps, saying: "A small number of cases have been reported by people who suffer from reactions to certain types of linear (straight line) fluorescent lamps.

"These were almost certainly triggered by old technology."

A spokesman for the Energy Saving Trust said: "The technology has changed massively over the last few years. We would advise people to only buy bulbs with the Energy Saving Recommended - SR - logo."

The Migraine Action Association is on www.migraine.org.uk, or phone



Mercury leaks found as new bulbs break

By Beth Daley
Globe Staff / February 26, 2008

Compact fluorescent lamps - those spiral, energy-efficient bulbs popular as a device to combat global warming - can pose a small risk of mercury poisoning to infants, young children, and pregnant women if they break, two reports concluded yesterday.

But the reports, issued by the state of Maine and the Vermont-based Mercury Policy Project, urged homeowners to keep using compact fluorescents because their energy-saving benefits far outweigh the risk posed by mercury released from a broken lamp.

They said most danger could be avoided if people exercised common-sense caution, such as not using compact fluorescents in table lamps that could be knocked over by children or pets and properly cleaning up broken bulbs.

The US Environmental Protection Agency and the states of Massachusetts and Vermont said yesterday that, based on the Maine study, they are revising their recommendations for where to use compact fluorescents in a home and how to clean up when one breaks.

"Using compact fluorescent bulbs is still the brightest idea out there," said Michael Bender, director of the Mercury Policy Project, a nonprofit organization that works to eliminate mercury use. "The message is: People should not be afraid but informed and prepared and learn how to dispose of them properly."

The two reports constitute one of the most comprehensive examinations of the dangers posed by the lights, which use about 1 percent of the amount of mercury found in old thermometers.

Mercury is needed for the lamps to produce light, and there are no known substitutes. No mercury is emitted when compact fluorescents are burned, but a small amount is vaporized when they break, which can happen if people screw them in holding the glass instead of the base or drop them.

Mercury is a naturally occurring metal that accumulates in the body and can harm the nervous system of a fetus or young child if ingested in sufficient quantity.

For the Maine study, researchers shattered 65 compact fluorescents to test air quality and cleanup methods. They found that, in many cases, immediately after the bulb was broken - and sometimes even after a cleanup was attempted - levels of mercury vapor exceeded federal guidelines for chronic exposure by as much as 100 times.

There is no federal guideline for acute exposure. Some states, including Maine, use the chronic exposure level as their overall standard, while others, such as California, have chosen higher levels for acute exposure. Still, the mercury vapor released by the bulbs in the Maine study exceeded even those higher levels.

"We found some very high levels [of mercury] even after we tried a number of cleanup techniques," said Mark Hyland, director of Maine's Bureau of Remediation and Waste Management. He said levels were the lowest if the room was well ventilated after breakage.


The study recommended that if a compact fluorescent breaks, get children and pets out of the room. Ventilate the room. Never use a vacuum, even on a rug, to clean up a broken compact fluorescent lamps. Instead, use stiff paper such as index cards and tape to pick up pieces, and then wipe the area with a wet wipe or damp paper towel. If there are young children or pregnant woman in the house, consider cutting out the piece of carpet where the lamp broke as a precaution. Place the shards and cleanup debris in a glass jar with a screw top and remove the jar from the house.

Disposal regulations vary from state to state, with some requiring broken compact fluorescent light bulbs, to be disposed of as household hazardous waste. Most states allow intact compact fluorescents to be thrown away, but some - such as Vermont, Minnesota, and California - ban disposal in trash, according to Bender.

Some stores, such as Ikea, have set out recycling containers for fluorescent bulbs. In Maine, Hyland says, some 200 retailers are participating in compact fluorescent recycling.

Massachusetts is also ramping up a compact fluorescent recycling program and in May will ban disposal of any intact compact fluorescent lamp in trash. However, broken ones - because their mercury would probably have been vaporized - may be thrown away.

Sales are skyrocketing for compact fluorescent lamps, which use about 75 percent less energy and last up to 10 times longer than traditional incandescent bulbs, as consumers become more aware of global warming and the long-term cost savings. More than 290 million compact fluorescents carrying the EPA's "Energy Star" label sold last year, nearly double the number in 2006. Compact fluorescents now make up 20 percent of the US light bulb market, and sales are all but guaranteed to grow: A new law requires lights to become much more energy-efficient starting in 2012.

According to the US Department of Energy, if every household replaced just one light bulb with a compact fluorescent, the United States would save more than $600 million each year in energy costs and prevent greenhouse gas emissions equal to 800,000 cars.

But compact fluorescents can contain from 1 to 30 milligrams of mercury, according to the Mercury Policy Project. The nonprofit cited a New Jersey study that estimated that about 2 to 4 tons of the element are released into the environment in the United States each year from compact fluorescents. That number is expected to grow as sales do. In comparison, about 48 tons of mercury is released into the environment by power plants each year, according to federal statistics.

"People should continue to support CFLs until there are mercury-free alternatives available," said Cindy Luppi of Clean Water Action, a local advocacy group.



New bulbs are bad for health

ENERGY-EFFICIENT light bulbs are good for the planet but can be bad for your health.

A study of compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) has shown how they often fail to meet their advertised intensity of light, a member of the Optometrists Association Australia has warned.

While the bulbs were a positive step in reducing a home's carbon footprint, they could result in dimmer rooms that would increase the household's risk of falls and vision problems.

"Two-thirds of CFLs that are claimed to be the equivalent of a 75-watt incandescent lamp, deliver less light than expected," said researcher and optometrist Professor Stephen Dain from the University of NSW.

"In some cases they only produce light equivalent of an old 60-watt lamp."

Prof Dain said households should choose carefully when purchasing CFLs to replace their incandescent light bulbs. Choose a CFL that was rated at a higher light output than the conventional bulb it would replace, he said.

Good lighting was important to prevent eye strain and fatigue and this was particularly the case for older Australians.

Less light would reach the retina as the eye aged, he said, meaning most people over 60 needed three times more light to see as adequately as they did in their 20s.

"As poor vision is a major risk factor for falls in older people, good lighting at home can help reduce this risk," Prof Dain said.

"Improving lighting by selecting higher wattage lamps, especially in kitchen and stairs areas, reduces the risk of trips and falls."

Prof Dain said Australians needed effective lighting in their homes as well as the correct spectacles and regular eye check-ups to make the most of their vision.

CFLs were "significantly better in terms of energy efficiency" but they were yet to meet expectations in terms of lighting, he said.


what Happens Overseas?

New EU law starts phasing out of traditional light bulbs


Peta Hodge
25th August 2009
The compulsory EU-wide phasing out of 100W and frosted incandescent light bulbs begins on September 1 and is expected to save the European Union one million tonnes of CO2 a year by 2020.
The new legislation, agreed by EU Member States last December, follows a voluntary initiative to phase out incandescent, or old fashioned bulbs, which started in 2007 and has been supported by a number of UK energy suppliers and retailers.

The new legislation will make it illegal for EU states to manufacture and import traditional light bulbs, but it does not require consumers or businesses to replace all their light bulbs immediately and retailers will be permitted to sell off existing stocks, which are expected to last around three to four more months.

Energy efficient compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) use 80 per cent less energy than an old fashioned bulb, reducing annual energy bills by between £3 and £6 per lamp.

Environment Minister Dan Norris welcomed the implementation of legislation that will enforce the switch to CFLs. “We can no longer rely on light bulbs which waste 95 per cent of their energy as heat. We are glad the EU has put this measure in place to stop the waste of energy and money from old fashioned high energy bulbs,” he said.

Compliance with the new legislation will, for the time being, be overseen by Trading Standards, although the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) is currently consulting on the possibility of establishing a new body to do this.

“With new energy standards and energy labels coming in across the EU for white goods and other products, as well as the new rules on light bulbs, we are consulting on the best way to surveil what comes in and out of the country and how to enforce the standards that the EU has set in law,” a Defra spokesperson said. 

Any individual found breaking the new rules and importing traditional 100W incandescent bulbs after September 1 faces a fine of £5,000, with potentially unlimited fines for breaches by large companies.

But Defra does not expect such sanctions to be need. “We don’t expect people to be breaking the rules because of the profitability that will result from everybody switching to low energy light bulbs,” said a spokesperson. “There is no worth in selling a 20 pence light bulb for the risk of a £5,000 fine.” 

The Eco-design for Energy-using Products Framework Directive restricts the manufacture and import into the EU of 100W and frosted incandescent lamps from September 1, with a phase out of lamps of lower wattage by 2012.

Revolt! Robbed of their right to buy traditional light bulbs ..